If this is your first trip to Yerevan, we have prepared a summary information for you about our city. Yerevan is the capital of Armenia, its largest city and an important transportation hub, also the cultural and scientific center of the country. The history of Yerevan goes back to 782 years B.C., when the king of Urartu Argishti founded the Erebuni fortress here. The city was repeatedly destroyed by numerous wars, earthquakes and a reconstruction – only a few buildings in the city have a history of more than a hundred years. The city is situated in the northeastern part of the Ararat valley. Walking around Yerevan, time and again, you may see the snow-capped peaks of Mount Ararat on the horizon, south from Yerevan. The center of the city is like a bowl of about 2.5 km in diameter, surrounded by hills. The public life of the city and most of its attractions are concentrated within the ring and are easily accessible on foot. A peculiar flavor and appearance of the “pink city” is provided by a local tuff stone which is widely used in the construction.
Pre-revolutionary Erivan was a small town with a population of about 20 000 people, which almost did not survive to the present time. There are only a few pre-revolutionary buildings in the center of Yerevan – you can find them on Abovyan and Hanrapetutyan streets. The modern layout and the appearance of the “pink city” were formed as a result of the extensive renovation carried out by architect Alexander Tamanyan in 1925-1936 years. He developed a radial-ring plan of the city reworking the popular idea of the garden city – with a wide boulevard ring around the center, and the greatest possible number of houses facing Mount Ararat. He also finally formed the national style of the city with the elements of Armenian church architecture and using tuff as the main building material. He began to widely use tuff of many shades in design – from light pink to coffee, which look particularly advantageous at sunset.
There are several walking areas in the center of Yerevan, where we highly recommend you to walk unhurriedly: – The park around the Armenian National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet after Alexander Spendiaryan and the Swan Lake. We recommend to watch the repertoire of activities and to go to opera or ballet. – Northern Avenue, which runs from the building of the State Opera to the Republic Square. There are plenty of restaurants, cafes and various shops along the Northern Avenue. – The Republic Square with its famous singing fountains. On the Square the History Museum of Armenia is located, which we recommend you to visit. Also there are public gardens along the Republic Square and Aram street, as well as bellow the square on Italy street. – Cascade with its Cafesjian Museum of Art in the open air and also inside. We recommend you to go upstairs the Cascade (you can take the escalators inside the museum) – you’ll get a wonderful view of the city and Mount Ararat. In addition, there are many cafes and restaurants in the walking areas of Cascade. Apart from the above described areas, you may just walk in the center of the city.
The main attractions and museums of the city: – Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts – Matenadaran – Cascade with its Cafesjian Center for the Arts – Republic Square – History Museum of Armenia – National Art Gallery – Erebuni Town-Fortress – Vernissage open-air market – Yerevan Brandy Company – Ervand Kochar Museum – Sergei Paradjanov Museum – Victory park and the Mother Armenia monumental statue – Armenian Genocide memorial complex Tsitsernakaberd and the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute